How to Check Blood Pressure? The 2 Easiest Methods

In medical language, blood pressure is the product of Stroke volume, Heart rate, and peripheral vascular resistance.

In simple words, blood pressure is the force of circulating blood against the wall of the arteries.

Blood pressure is measured in two levels, Systolic (When the heart contract) and Diastolic (When the heart relaxes).

B.P is represented as Systolic/Diastolic, and its unit is mm of mercury (mmHg)

What is normal Blood pressure?

Blood pressure varies with age. It is lower in children and women but high in adults.

The normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. Look into the table below.

Blood PressureSystolic (mmHg)Diastolic (mmHg)
Normal<120<80
High Normal120-13980-89

What is high blood pressure?

A B.P of 140/90 mmHg or above is considered as high blood pressure. More details are in the below table.

Blood Pressure Systolic (mmHg) Diastolic (mmHg)
Grade 1 Hypertension140-15990-99
Grade 2 Hypertension 160-179100-109
Grade 3 Hypertension >180>110

How to measure blood pressure?

There are two methods to measure blood pressure.

1) Palpatory Method

With this method, we can only measure systolic blood pressure.

Instruments required:

Only B.P Set (No need for stethoscope)

Procedure:

Palpatory Method

First, feel the radial pulse and then Warp the cuff around the brachial artery which lies on the medial side of the tendon of the biceps. Now gradually inflate the cuff until the radial pulse disappears. Now gradually deflate the cuff and a level at which the radial pulse becomes palpable is considered as the systolic pressure. And that’s done.

2) Auscultatory Method

As we already mentioned above that this method is used to measure both systolic and diastolic pressure and is known as a standard method to measure blood pressure.

Instruments required:

B.P set
A Stethoscope

Procedure:

Palpate the brachial artery and wrap the cuff around it and place the stethoscope lightly above the artery. Now gradually inflate the cuff approximately up to 220 mmHg. Now gradually deflate the cuff and a point will come where you will hear beat sound through your stethoscope. The point where the beat sound first started is your systolic pressure.

The sound becomes loud and loud as the pressure in the cuff decreases and suddenly the sound becomes faint and finally disappears. The level at which the sound disappears is your diastolic pressure.

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